66 of 100: YHWH and the Lamb as Alpha and Omega

First and last

Rev 1:17  And when I saw him, I fell at his feet as one dead. And he laid his right hand upon me, saying, Fear not; I am the first and the last,

Rev 1:18  and the Living one; and I was dead, and behold, I am alive for evermore, and I have the keys of death and of Hades.

How is Jesus the first and the last?

The answer is in Jesus’ words:

A. “I was dead”

B. ’I am alive for evermore’

The first and last concerns resurrection.

But, when YHWH God says he is the  ‘Alpha and the Omega,’ (Rev 1:8) is explained as:

which is and which was and which is to come, the Almighty

YHWH is IMMORTAL v/s Jesus attained immortality i.e. was born, he died and rose.

Jesus’ status was the eternal plan (logos) and attained the Alpha status as ‘the firstborn of the dead’

Jesus Christ, who is the faithful witness, the firstborn of the dead, (Rev 1:5 )

The main emphasis is that Jesus who experienced death like that of a dog or plant came back to eternal life and this has never happened before.

It is very important to accept that Jesus had a God while on earth and all while in heaven.

Rev 1:6  and he made us to be a kingdom, to be priests unto [HIS] God and Father; to him be the glory and the dominion for ever and ever. Amen.

Many trinitarian commentaries argue that Rev 1:8 applies to Jesus. This is because they like it like that and look for any opportunity to override the Father and realpace him with their idea of Jesus.

When the greetings from John, notice who is on the throne and the Father is uniquely identified as ‘which is and which was and which is to come’ i.e. eternal:

Rev 1:4  John to the seven churches which are in Asia: Grace to you and peace, from him which is and which was and which is to come; and from the seven Spirits which are before his throne;

Rev 1:5  and from Jesus Christ,

Is God the Spirit seen with moustache?

No! Rather God’s spirit is personified as ‘seven’ ‘lamps’ [Rev 4:5  And out of the throne proceed lightnings and voices and thunders. And there were seven lamps of fire burning before the throne, which are the seven Spirits of God;]

Is lamp a He-God?

Seven lamps – Seven He-Gods?

God of Jesus is Jesus’ God – This is an amazing fact hid from billions of Christians. Jesus gets his revelations from his God and John is not ashamed of this Fact.

Rev 1:1  The Revelation of Jesus Christ, which God gave him to shew unto his servants,

Christians would be disappointed to know that Jesus needs to receive the Revelation from ‘some one else’.

Alpha and the Omega – The Father of Eternity


Rev 1:8  I am the Alpha and the Omega, saith the Lord God, which is and which was and which is to come, the Almighty.

The JFB commentary state:

AlmightyHebrew, “Shaddai,” and “Jehovah Sabaoth,” that is, “of hosts”; commanding all the hosts or powers in heaven and earth, so able to overcome all His Church’s foes. It occurs often in Revelation, but nowhere else in the New Testament save 2Co 6:18, a quotation from Isaiah.

The title Almighty would be easily recognisable to the Jewish readers and is applied to the Father alone and not Jesus. Rev 1:8 refers to the Father, though we will later see how the Alpha and Omega applies to Jesus in Rev Rev 22:13.

Robertson’s word Picture has:

The Lord God (Kurios ho theos). “The Lord the God.” Common phrase in Ezekiel (Eze 6:3, Eze 6:11; Eze 7:2, etc.) and in this book (Rev 4:8; Rev 11:17; Rev 15:3; Rev 16:7; Rev 19:6; Rev 21:22). See Rev 1:4; Rev 4:8 for the triple use of ho, etc. to express the eternity of God.

Note how the phrase ‘Lord God’ is used for the Father in Revelation (RV version):

Revelation 4:8   And the four living creatures, having each one of them six wings, are full of eyes round about and within: and they have no rest day and night, saying, Holy, holy, holy, is the Lord God, the Almighty, which was and which is and which is to come.

Rev 11:16  And the four and twenty elders, which sit before God on their thrones, fell upon their faces and worshipped God,

Rev 11:17  saying, We give thee thanks, O Lord God, the Almighty, which art and which wast; because thou hast taken thy great power, and didst reign.

Rev 15:3  And they sing the song of Moses the servant of God, and the song of the Lamb, saying, Great and marvelous are thy works, O Lord God, the Almighty; righteous and true are thy ways, thou King of the ages.

{When will you join in singing with Jesus: ‘Great and marvelous are thy works, O Lord God, the Almighty;’ }

Rev 16:7  And I heard the altar saying, Yea, O Lord God, the Almighty, true and righteous are thy judgments.

Rev 19:6  And I heard as it were the voice of a great multitude, and as the voice of many waters, and as the voice of mighty thunders, saying, Hallelujah: for the Lord our God, the Almighty, reigneth.

Rev 21:22  And I saw no temple therein: for the Lord God the Almighty, and the Lamb, are the temple thereof.

(Notice how the Father is called Lord God the Almighty)

Rev 15_3Rev 15_4

The Almighty (ho pantokratōr). Late compound (pās and krateō), in Cretan inscription and a legal papyrus, common in lxx and Christian papyri, in N.T. only in 2Co 6:18 and Rev 1:8; Rev 4:8; Rev 11:17; Rev 15:3; Rev 16:7, Rev 16:14; Rev 19:6, Rev 19:15; Rev 21:22.

2Co 6:18  And will be to you a Father, And ye shall be to me sons and daughters, saith the Lord Almighty.

The following verse also refers to the Father because He says ‘and I will be his God, and he shall be my son’

Rev 21:6  And he said unto me, They are come to pass. I am the Alpha and the Omega, the beginning and the end. I will give unto him that is athirst of the fountain of the water of life freely.

Rev 21:7  He that overcometh shall inherit these things; and I will be his God, and he shall be my son.

Alpha and the Omega – The Son – The author of Eternal life

Rev 22:13  I am the Alpha and the Omega, the first and the last, the beginning and the end.

Rev 22:14  Blessed are they that wash their robes, that they may have the right to come to the tree of life, and may enter in by the gates into the city.

Robertson’s word Picture has:

I am the Alpha and the Omega (Egō to Alpha kai to O). Applied to God in Rev 1:8Rev 21:6, and here alone to Christ,

Jesus is the Alpha and the Omega, the first and the last, the beginning and the end w.r.t to be being dead and coming back to life – The one who opened eternal life – the firstborn of the dead, he was the reason for creation and eternal life. In him was life and he is the author of eternal life and faith.

YHWH Father is the Alpha and the Omega, the first and the last, the beginning and the end by virtue of “which is and which was and which is to come” i.e. being eternal (Isa 41:4, Isa 44:6, Isa 48:12)

Isa 41:4  Who has worked and done it, calling the generations from the beginning? I, Yahweh, the first, and with the last, I am he.”

Isa 44:6  This is what Yahweh, the King of Israel, and his Redeemer, Yahweh of Armies, says: “I am the first, and I am the last; and besides me there is no God.

Isa 48:12  “Listen to me, O Jacob, and Israel my called: I am he; I am the first, I am also the last.

Isa 48:13  Yes, my hand has laid the foundation of the earth, and my right hand has spread out the heavens. when I call to them, they stand up together.

Isa 48:14  “Assemble yourselves, all of you, and hear; who among them has declared these things? He whom Yahweh loves will do what he likes to Babylon, and his arm will be against the Chaldeans.

Jesus’ context to being first and last is w.r.t resurrection – i.e. the first to be resurrected to eternal life. First and last as to authority over life and death as given to him in the forms of the keys to death and Hades:

And to the angel of the church in Smyrna write; These things saith the first and the last, which was dead, and lived again: Revelation 2:8 (RV)

“I was dead” – and Jesus himself needed to be saved ‘first’ and ‘alpha’. He was saved ‘alpha’ and has become the only ’cause’ of salvation ‘omega’ i.e. none other has been appointed by God to save!


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