66 of 100: YHWH and the Lamb as Alpha and Omega

Jesus as First and last

Rev 1:17  And when I saw him, I fell at his feet as one dead. And he laid his right hand upon me, saying, Fear not; I am the first and the last,

Rev 1:18  and the Living one; and I was dead, and behold, I am alive for evermore, and I have the keys of death and of Hades.

How is Jesus the first and the last?

The answer is in Jesus’ words:

A. “I was dead”

B. ’I am alive for evermore’

The first and last concerns resurrection.

But, when YHWH God says he is the  ‘Alpha and the Omega,’ (Rev 1:8) is explained as:

which is and which was and which is to come, the Almighty

YHWH is IMMORTAL v/s Jesus attained immortality i.e. was born, he died and rose.

Jesus’ status was the eternal plan (logos) and attained the Alpha status as ‘the firstborn of the dead’

Jesus Christ, who is the faithful witness, the firstborn of the dead, (Rev 1:5 )

The main emphasis is that Jesus who experienced death like that of a dog or plant came back to eternal life and this has never happened before.

It is very important to accept that Jesus had a God while on earth and all while in heaven.

Rev 1:6  and he made us to be a kingdom, to be priests unto [HIS] God and Father; to him be the glory and the dominion for ever and ever. Amen.

Many trinitarian commentaries argue that Rev 1:8 applies to Jesus. This is because they like it like that and look for any opportunity to override the Father and realpace him with their idea of Jesus.

When the greetings from John, notice who is on the throne and the Father is uniquely identified as ‘which is and which was and which is to come’ i.e. eternal:

Rev 1:4  John to the seven churches which are in Asia: Grace to you and peace, from him which is and which was and which is to come; and from the seven Spirits which are before his throne;

Rev 1:5  and from Jesus Christ,

Is God the Spirit seen with moustache?

No! Rather God’s spirit is personified as ‘seven’ ‘lamps’ [Rev 4:5  And out of the throne proceed lightnings and voices and thunders. And there were seven lamps of fire burning before the throne, which are the seven Spirits of God;]

Is lamp a He-God?

Seven lamps – Seven He-Gods?

God of Jesus is Jesus’ God – This is an amazing fact hid from billions of Christians. Jesus gets his revelations from his God and John is not ashamed of this Fact.

Rev 1:1  The Revelation of Jesus Christ, which God gave him to shew unto his servants,

Christians would be disappointed to know that Jesus needs to receive the Revelation from ‘some one else’.

Jesus is the first and last, not in terms of eternity, but because he is the FIRSTborn from the dead. He is the ‘last’ as no one will supersede him including angels. As a result of which he holds the keys to death and the grave. 

leave my soul corruption resurrection raised messianic psalm 16_10

god raised jesus from the dead mortal apostle resurrection

soul_troubled_john_12_27luke22_43_angel strenthened

jesus alpha first last omega1

Alpha and the Omega – The Father of Eternity

1200px-uppercase_alpha_and_omega_in_times_new_roman-svg

Rev 1:8  I am the Alpha and the Omega, saith the Lord God, which is and which was and which is to come, the Almighty.

The JFB commentary state:

AlmightyHebrew, “Shaddai,” and “Jehovah Sabaoth,” that is, “of hosts”; commanding all the hosts or powers in heaven and earth, so able to overcome all His Church’s foes. It occurs often in Revelation, but nowhere else in the New Testament save 2Co 6:18, a quotation from Isaiah.

The title Almighty would be easily recognisable to the Jewish readers and is applied to the Father alone and not Jesus. Rev 1:8 refers to the Father, though we will later see how the Alpha and Omega applies to Jesus in Rev Rev 22:13.

Robertson’s word Picture has:

The Lord God (Kurios ho theos). “The Lord the God.” Common phrase in Ezekiel (Eze 6:3, Eze 6:11; Eze 7:2, etc.) and in this book (Rev 4:8; Rev 11:17; Rev 15:3; Rev 16:7; Rev 19:6; Rev 21:22). See Rev 1:4; Rev 4:8 for the triple use of ho, etc. to express the eternity of God.

Note how the phrase ‘Lord God’ is used for the Father in Revelation (RV version):

Revelation 4:8   And the four living creatures, having each one of them six wings, are full of eyes round about and within: and they have no rest day and night, saying, Holy, holy, holy, is the Lord God, the Almighty, which was and which is and which is to come.

Rev 11:16  And the four and twenty elders, which sit before God on their thrones, fell upon their faces and worshipped God,

Rev 11:17  saying, We give thee thanks, O Lord God, the Almighty, which art and which wast; because thou hast taken thy great power, and didst reign.

Rev 15:3  And they sing the song of Moses the servant of God, and the song of the Lamb, saying, Great and marvelous are thy works, O Lord God, the Almighty; righteous and true are thy ways, thou King of the ages.

{When will you join in singing with Jesus: ‘Great and marvelous are thy works, O Lord God, the Almighty;’ }

Rev 16:7  And I heard the altar saying, Yea, O Lord God, the Almighty, true and righteous are thy judgments.

Rev 19:6  And I heard as it were the voice of a great multitude, and as the voice of many waters, and as the voice of mighty thunders, saying, Hallelujah: for the Lord our God, the Almighty, reigneth.

Rev 21:22  And I saw no temple therein: for the Lord God the Almighty, and the Lamb, are the temple thereof.

(Notice how the Father ONLE is called Lord God the Almighty)

Rev 15_3Rev 15_4

The Almighty (ho pantokratōr). Late compound (pās and krateō), in Cretan inscription and a legal papyrus, common in lxx and Christian papyri, in N.T. only in 2Co 6:18 and Rev 1:8; Rev 4:8; Rev 11:17; Rev 15:3; Rev 16:7, Rev 16:14; Rev 19:6, Rev 19:15; Rev 21:22.

2Co 6:18  And will be to you a Father, And ye shall be to me sons and daughters, saith the Lord Almighty.

The following verse also refers to the Father because He says ‘and I will be his God, and he shall be my son’

Rev 21:6  And he said unto me, They are come to pass. I am the Alpha and the Omega, the beginning and the end. I will give unto him that is a thirst of the fountain of the water of life freely.

Rev 21:7  He that overcometh shall inherit these things; and I will be his God, and he shall be my son.

Unique titles of YHWH, God and Father of Jesus in Revelation

Lord God, the Almighty

“Lord God” Rev 1:18

“Almighty” Rev 1:18

“O Lord God, the Almighty” Rev 11:17, Rev 15:3, Rev 16:7, Rev 19:6, Rev 21:22 

Almighty God” Rev 19:15, , Rev 16:14 

“And I saw no temple therein: for the Lord God the Almighty, and the Lamb, are the temple thereof.”  (Revelation 21:22)

Lord God the Almighty is the Father and Jesus is the Lamb. Jesus is never called Almighty or God in Revelation.

The eternity of God is expressed thus: “which was and which is and which is to come

“which is and which was and which is to come, the Almighty.”  Rev 1:4, 

“I am the Alpha and the Omega, saith the Lord God, which is and which was and which is to come, the Almighty.”  (Revelation 1:8)

“the Lord God, the Almighty, which was and which is and which is to come.” Rev 4:8

Only the Father, the Lord God almighty sits on the central throne:

 “Straightway I was in the Spirit: and behold, there was a throne set in heaven, and one sitting upon the throne;” Rev 4:2

“Unto him that sitteth on the throne, and unto the Lamb” Rev 5:13

Rev 6:16  and they say to the mountains and to the rocks, Fall on us, and hide us from the face of him that sitteth on the throne, and from the wrath of the Lamb:

“standing before the throne and before the Lamb,”  (Rev 7:9)

“and they cry with a great voice, saying, Salvation unto our God which sitteth on the throne, and unto the Lamb.”  (Revelation 7:10)

etc.

We can also have access to his throne as Jesus has, and as Jesus himself assures us:

“He that overcometh, I will give to him to sit down with me in my throne, as I also overcame, and sat down with my Father in his throne.”  (Revelation 3:21)

Is the title Alpha and Omega unique to God?

Rev 1:8  I am the Alpha and the Omega, saith the Lord God, which is and which was and which is to come, the Almighty.

Rev 21:6  And he said unto me, They are come to pass. I am the Alpha and the Omega, the beginning and the end. I will give unto him that is athirst of the fountain of the water of life freely.

Rev 22:13  I am the Alpha and the Omega, the first and the last, the beginning and the end.

As shown above and Robertson’s word Picture commentary on Rev 22:13 has: (Trinitarian resource)

I am the Alpha and the Omega (Egō to Alpha kai to O). Applied to God in Rev 1:8Rev 21:6, and here alone to Christ,

Revelation 21:6 – Alpha and the Omega – Son or the Father?

Jesus is the Alpha and the Omega, the first and the last, the beginning and the end w.r.t to be being dead and coming back to life – The one who opened eternal life – the firstborn of the dead, he was the reason for creation and eternal life. In him was life and he is the author of eternal life and faith. Jesus died and hence Alpha and Omega cannot be applied  to his eternal nature being a human being.

“Jesus said unto her, I am the resurrection, and the life: he that believeth on me, though he die, yet shall he live:”  (John 11:25)

Act 1:22  beginning from the baptism of John, unto the day that he was received up from us, of these must one become a witness with us of his resurrection.

Act 2:31  he foreseeing this spake of the resurrection of the Christ, that neither was he left in Hades, nor did his flesh see corruption.

Act 4:2  being sore troubled because they taught the people, and proclaimed in Jesus the resurrectionfrom the dead.

Act 4:33  And with great power gave the apostles their witness of the resurrection of the Lord Jesus: and great grace was upon them all.

YHWH Father is the Alpha and the Omega, the first and the last, the beginning and the end by virtue of “which is and which was and which is to come” i.e. being eternal (Isa 41:4, Isa 44:6, Isa 48:12)

Isa 41:4  Who has worked and done it, calling the generations from the beginning? I, Yahweh, the first, and with the last, I am he.”

Isa 44:6  This is what Yahweh, the King of Israel, and his Redeemer, Yahweh of Armies, says: “I am the first, and I am the last; and besides me there is no God.

Isa 48:12  “Listen to me, O Jacob, and Israel my called: I am he; I am the first, I am also the last.

Isa 48:13  Yes, my hand has laid the foundation of the earth, and my right hand has spread out the heavens. when I call to them, they stand up together.

Isa 48:14  “Assemble yourselves, all of you, and hear; who among them has declared these things? He whom Yahweh loves will do what he likes to Babylon, and his arm will be against the Chaldeans.

Jesus’ context to being first and last is w.r.t resurrection – i.e. the first to be resurrected to eternal life. First and last as to authority over life and death as given to him in the forms of the keys to death and Hades:

And to the angel of the church in Smyrna write; These things saith the first and the last, which was dead, and lived again: Revelation 2:8 (RV)

“I was dead” – and Jesus himself needed to be saved ‘first’ and ‘alpha’. He was saved ‘alpha’ and has become the only ’cause’ of salvation ‘omega’ i.e. none other has been appointed by God to save!

save him from death heb 5_7

Since Jesus died and rose he cannot be the Alpha and Omega as God is.

Refer to this post that elaborates on the death of Jesus:

Let us examine Revelation 22 for context on determining who is spoken as ‘Alpha and Omega’:

Rev 22:6  And he said unto me, These words are faithful and true: and the Lord, the God of the spirits of the prophets, sent his angel to shew unto his servants the things which must shortly come to pass.

~-~-~

Rev 22:7  And behold, I come quickly. Blessed is he that keepeth the words of the prophecy of this book.

Verse 6: The angel refers to the Father as “Lord, the God of the spirits of the prophets”

 

 

Verse 7: “I come quickly” is the son speaking

Rev 22:8  And I John am he that heard and saw these things. And when I heard and saw, I fell down to worship before the feet of the angel which shewed me these things.

~-~-~

Rev 22:9  And he saith unto me, See thou do it not: I am a fellow-servant with thee and with thy brethren the prophets, and with them which keep the words of this book: worship God.

Rev 22:10  And he saith unto me, Seal not up the words of the prophecy of this book; for the time is at hand.

Rev 22:11  He that is unrighteous, let him do unrighteousness still: and he that is filthy, let him be made filthy still: and he that is righteous, let him do righteousness still: and he that is holy, let him be made holy still.

Verse 8: John is speaking

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Verse 9-11: Angel Is speaking and directs worship to the Father.

Rev 22:12  Behold, I come quickly; and my reward is with me, to render to each man according as his work is.

~-~-~

Rev 22:13  I am the Alpha and the Omega, the first and the last, the beginning and the end.

Rev 22:14  Blessed are they that wash their robes, that they may have the right to come to the tree of life, and may enter in by the gates into the city.

Rev 22:15  Without are the dogs, and the sorcerers, and the fornicators, and the murderers, and the idolaters, and every one that loveth and maketh a lie.

Verse 12: Jesus is speaking

 

 

 

 

 

 

Verse 13-15: The Father is speaking

 

Rev 22:16  I Jesus have sent mine angel to testify unto you these things for the churches. I am the root and the offspring of David, the bright, the morning star.

~-~-~

Rev 22:17  And the Spirit and the bride say, Come. And he that heareth, let him say, Come. And he that is athirst, let him come: he that will, let him take the water of life freely.

Verse 16: Jesus is identified as the speaker

 

 

Verse 17:  Spirit and the bride (church) speak.

Rev 22:18  I testify unto every man that heareth the words of the prophecy of this book, If any man shall add unto them, God shall add unto him the plagues which are written in this book:

Rev 22:19  and if any man shall take away from the words of the book of this prophecy, God shall take away his part from the tree of life, and out of the holy city, which are written in this book.

~-~-~

Rev 22:20  He which testifieth these things saith, Yea: I come quickly. Amen:

~-~-~

Rev 22:20b Amen: come, Lord Jesus.

Rev 22:21  The grace of the Lord Jesus be with the saints. Amen.

Verses 18, 19: Possibly Angel referencing “God shall add unto him”

 

 

 

 

 

Verse 20a: Jesus

 

 

Verses 20b and 21: John

The ‘Alpha and Omega’ title is unique to God the Father alone as in the other two verses of Revelation. Revelation 22, goes back and forth between Jesus, the angel, John and God and hence the title is often confused for Jesus.

Jesus’s God is his Father. He was begotten of the Father. He cannot have the Alpha and Omega title as a title of eternity, but only as a sign of resurrection:

rev3_2 alpha omega jesus has a god of jesus

Appendix: Textual variations

Rev 1:11

TR: saying, “I am the Alpha and the Omega, the First and the Last,” and, “What you see, write in a book and send it to the seven churches which are in Asia: to Ephesus, to Smyrna, to Pergamos, to Thyatira, to Sardis, to Philadelphia, and to Laodicea.”
MT/CT: saying, “What you see, write in a book and send it to the seven churches: to Ephesus, to Smyrna, to Pergamos, to Thyatira, to Sardis, to Philadelphia, and to Laodicea.”

As can been seen that someone has attempted to insert ‘Alpha and Omega’ in verse 11 in a attempt to corrupt the scriptures.

Couple of Translations:

(RV)  saying, What thou seest, write in a book, and send it to the seven churches; unto Ephesus, and unto Smyrna, and unto Pergamum, and unto Thyatira, and unto Sardis, and unto Philadelphia, and unto Laodicea.

(ESV)  saying, “Write what you see in a book and send it to the seven churches, to Ephesus and to Smyrna and to Pergamum and to Thyatira and to Sardis and to Philadelphia and to Laodicea.”

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