65 of 100: On John 1:18 – Can the verse be trusted?

‘Can a verse be trusted’ raises serious issues and concerns. It also significantly impacts one’s faith. However, this post actually shows that for those who believe Jesus as a human being, the text has been preserved from the divisions that occur within the trinity bible translations itself:

john1_18

As noted above, translations do not agree on the TRUTH of the original.

John 1:18 should not be quoted in the trinity v/s One God debate because of its ambiguity.

Also one needs to be careful as trinitarians may false and manipulated texts in scriptures to prove their point. They do this so they can justify their false and heretic position and call others heretic.

Possible reasons for the discripency:

Scribal Error?

The words theos and uios have phonetic similarities. Perhaps a scribe was writing the verse, and when the word “theos” was sounded, he heard “weeos.” This would seem like the most practical answer to this problem. But because textual critics love to corrupt the words of God, instead of following the logic that this is a scribal error or a deliberate corruption, they lean towards the heretical reading.

A Deliberate Gnostic Inclusion?

The Gnostics taught that Christ was a begotten god, created by God the Father, whom they called the Unbegotten God.

A Forgery?

The Vaticanus may well be a forgery like Sinaiticus is turning out to be. This would have to be scientifically proven to be so, and the other manuscripts would also have to be examined. This cannot be concluded to be so until these tests are done.

Evidence from early Church Fathers that this verse is manipulated or perhaps a copy error

Many early church writers quote the verse as it stands in the Textus Receptus including Theodotus, Tertullian, Hippolytus, Hymenaeus, Alexander, Eustathius, Eusebius, Hegemonius, Ambrosiaster, Faustinus, Athanasius, Titus-Bostra, Gregory Nazianzus, Ambrose, Chysostom, Synesius, Jerome, Theodore, Augustine, Proclus, Varimadum, Theodoret, Fulgentius, John-Damascus and Priscillian. A large number of the Church Fathers, quoted the verse with “Son,” and not “God.” This is especially weighty when one considers that Tertullian argued aggressively for the incarnation and is credited with being the one who developed the concept of “one God in three persons.” If Tertullian had had a text that read “God” in John 1:18, he certainly would have quoted it, but instead he always quoted texts that read “Son.”

No Latin Father has ever quoted or alluded to John 1:18 with the phrase “unigenitus Deus” (only-begotten God).

Irenaeus

In 202 AD, Irenaeus wrote,

“For ‘no man,’ he says, ‘hath seen God at any time,’ unless ‘the only-begotten Son of God, which is in the bosom of the Father, He hath declared [Him].’ For He, the Son who is in His bosom, declares to all the Father who is invisible.” (Against Heresies, 3:11:6)

Archelaus Acts of the Disputation with the Heresiarch Manes:

Furthermore, there is but one only inconvertible substance, the divine substance, eternal and invisible, as is known to all, and as is also borne out by this scripture: “No man hath seen God at any time, save the only begotten Son, which is in the bosom of the Father.”

Ignatius

And there is also one Son, God the Word. For “the only-begotten Son,” saith [the Scripture], “who is in the bosom of the Father.” (Epistle of Ignatius to the Philippians)

Origen

and in these, “No man hath seen God at any time; the only-begotten Son, who is in the bosom of the Father, He hath declared Him.” (Origen Against Celsus Book II)

Tertullian

“Well, (I must again ask) what God does he mean? It is of course the Father, with whom was the Word, the only begotten Son, who is in the bosom of the Father, and has Himself declared Him. (Tertullian Against Praxeas)

Other

“Moreover, that the Son of God was not produced out of what did not exist, and that there never was a time when He did not exist, is taught expressly by John the Evangelist, who writes this of Him:

‘The only-begotten Son, who is in the bosom of the Father.’ The divine teacher, because he intended to show that the Father and the Son are two and inseparable from each other, does in fact specify that He is in the bosom of the Father.” (W.A. Jurgens, The Faith Of The Early Fathers, Collegeville, MN: The Liturgical Press, p. 300).

Augustine

Augustine (430 AD) wrote:

“For Himself hath said: No man hath seen God at any time, but the Only-Begotten Son, Who is in the bosom of the Father, He hath declared Him. Therefore we know the Father by Him, being they to whom He hath declared Him.” (Homilies On The Gospel According To St. John, XLVII:3).

The Nicene Creed

The Nicene Creed (344 AD) states:

“We believe in one God the Father Almighty, . . . And in His Only-begotten Son our Lord Jesus Christ, who before all ages was begotten from the Father, God from God, Light from Light, by whom all things were made, in heaven and on the earth, visible and invisible . . .” (as cited from Athanasius: De Synodis, II:26).

Chalcedon Creed 451 A.D.

Chalcedon Creed 451 A.D.:

Therefore, following the holy fathers, we all with one accord teach men to acknowledge one and the same Son, our Lord Jesus Christ, at once complete in Godhead and complete in manhood, truly God and truly man, consisting also of a reasonable soul and body; of one substance with the Father as regards his Godhead, and at the same time of one substance with us as regards his manhood; like us in all respects, apart from sin; as regards his Godhead, begotten of the Father before the ages.

Athanasian Creed 500 A.D.

Athanasian Creed 500 A.D.:

The Father is made of none, neither created nor begotten. The Son is of the Father alone, not made nor created but begotten. The Holy Spirit is of the Father and the Son, not made nor created nor begotten but proceeding. And in this Trinity there is nothing before or after, nothing greater or less, but the whole three Persons are coeternal together and coequal.
The right faith therefore is that we believe and confess that our Lord Jesus Christ, the Son of God, is God and Man. He is God of the substance of the Father, begotten before the worlds, and He is man of the substance of His mother born in the world; perfect God, perfect man subsisting of a reasoning soul and human flesh; equal to the Father as touching His Godhead, inferior to the Father as touching His Manhood.

Excerpts from http://textus-receptus.com/wiki/John_1:18

The ONLY True God

Jesus himself declared who the ONLY true God was:

Joh 17:3  And this is eternal life, that they know you the only true God, and Jesus Christ whom you have sent.

Jesus the Christ declared who the ONLY TRUE GOD is and his position as the messenger of YHWH.

John 1:18 then conflicts with this verse and seems an error has crept in.

Bart Ehrman

Former textual critic now agnostic, and associate with Bruce Metzger Bart Ehrman, taught that the reason that the text was changed from “Son” to “God” was to provide “extra evidence” for the existence of the created concept of the Trinity. By the second century, an intense debate about whether or not Jesus was God raged in Alexandria, Egypt, the place where all the texts that read “God” originated. The stakes were high in these debates, and excommunication, banishment or worse could be the lot of the “loser.” Changing a text or two to in order to “help” in a debate was a tactic proven to have occurred. An examination of all the evidence shows that it is probable that “the only begotten son” is the original reading of John 1:18. For a much more detailed accounting of why the word “Son” should be favored over the word “God,” see The Orthodox Corruption of Scripture, by Bart Ehrman (Oxford University Press, New York, 1993, pp. 78-82)

john_1_18_bart

See also:

A confession about 1 John 5:7 from the makers of the Trinity on deliberate changes/corruptions made in scriptures to prove the trinity.

Face of God: No man hath seen God – Analyzing Moses’ and Jesus’ encounter with God’s face on Seeing God’s face

 

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