We found the that God never taught people that the spirit was part of a Biune God. Holy and genuine believers of the Old covenant never prayed ‘TO’ the holy spirit.
We will likewise seek answers to the same questions in the New testament writings:
- Is the Holy spirit promoted as God or the 3rd person of a Trinity?
- Did Jesus, apostles or early believers pray TO the Holy spirit?
Mat 1:18 Now the birth of Jesus Christ was on this wise: When his mother Mary had been betrothed to Joseph, before they came together she was found with child of the Holy Spirit.
Mat 1:20 But when he thought on these things, behold, an angel of the Lord appeared unto him in a dream, saying, Joseph, thou son of David, fear not to take unto thee Mary thy wife: for that which is conceived in her is of the Holy Spirit.
Luk 1:35 And the angel answered and said unto her, The Holy Spirit shall come upon thee, and the power of the Most High shall overshadow thee: wherefore also the holy thing which is begotten shall be called the Son of God.
1Sa 10:6 and the Spirit of Jehovah will come mightily upon thee, and thou shalt prophesy with them, and shalt be turned into another man.
The work of the Holy spirit was to interact on behalf of God as we saw in the Old testament scriptures. God would bring forth a son i.e. his own son – styled “ONLY begotten” through a woman. Jesus’ birth was not by a man and woman having intercourse but God’s own intervention in the life of Mary by ‘the power of the Most high’.
The spirit of God came upon the prophets of old and empowered them to achieve things beyond the normal. So also in this case, God’s holy spirit caused a virgin to conceive. God realized his plan, purpose & desire to have a son (100% human like Adam) through Mary by his spirit.
Question: How did Mary understand what the spirit of God was?
Suggested Answer: Mary being a Jewish and Israelite would have understood the working of the spirit of God in the same way as the prophets. She was ignorant of a trinity or a binity! Note how the angel uses the spirit of God and power of God interchangeable.
The manifestation of the spirit was to reveal God’s power to mankind. God intervened in the lives of people through his holy spirit.
Question: What did the spirit of God achieve in Mary?
Suggested Answer: The spirit came upon Mary as it did in case of prophets and conceived/created a son for God. Jesus would literally be the son of God because his Father was God. God through his spirit intervened to have a human Baby. So Jesus’ human mother is Mary but his Father was literally God and hence called the ONLY begotten son of God.
[Jesus’ birth has similarity with Adam’s birth whose father and mother was God. Adam was also created by God’s spirit. Adam was 100% human even though he had no father or mother]
While God is spiritually our Father, in Jesus’ case he was both the Physical and spiritual father, giving him a status above all humans. Since, Adam failed and brought death, this Jesus succeeded and brought about eternal life and hence became greater than all mankind and even became greater than angels!
Question: What is Trinity?
Suggested Answer: Since the word ‘Trinity Gods’ does not appear in the entire bible I think it means unbiblical teachings of Christians.
However God, his son and his holy spirit have significance. God is the primary source. Jesus and the spirit are subject to the father. God used his spirit and Jesus to bring humans closer to him so we can become sons and daughters of God. Since Jesus and the spirit and the angels perform functions on behalf of God they can get confused to be Gods at times.
Question: Why do Christians believe in Trinity?
Suggested Answer: From the Old testament teachings we neither find Binity or Trinity. It seems that early gentile christians coming from Greek backgrounds of polygods related the working of God and his spirit as two Two independent Gods, but because Moses taught there is only one God they also said that God and the Spirit are One God.
Mat 3:11 I indeed baptize you in water unto repentance: but he that cometh after me is mightier than I, whose shoes I am not worthy to bear: he shall baptize you in the Holy Spirit and in fire:
Mat 3:16 And Jesus when he was baptized, went up straightway from the water: and lo, the heavens were opened unto him, and he saw the Spirit of God descending as a dove, and coming upon him;
Mat 3:17 and lo, a voice out of the heavens, saying, This is my beloved Son, in whom I am well pleased.
Joh 3:34, 35 For he whom God has sent utters the words of God, for he gives the Spirit without measure. The Father loves the Son and has given all things into his hand.
Luk 3:21-23 Now when all the people were baptized, and when Jesus also had been baptized and was praying, the heavens were opened, and the Holy Spirit descended on him in bodily form, like a dove; and a voice came from heaven, “You are my beloved Son; with you I am well pleased.” Jesus, when he began his ministry, was about thirty years of age, being the son (as was supposed) of Joseph, the son of Heli,
Act 1:4, 15 And while staying with them he ordered them not to depart from Jerusalem, but to wait for the promise of the Father, which, he said, “you heard from me; for John baptized with water, but you will be baptized with the Holy Spirit not many days from now.”
Jesus when he received water baptism from John, was also baptized by the Holy spirit while he was praying. Here we have the first physical description of the INVISIBLE spirit/wind: ‘form of a dove’. The spirit or wind or air has a physical and visible description now. While trinitarians may paint an image of the Holy spirit as a PERSON i.e. a ‘man like’ image when praying to the spirit, the scriptures do not give any such impressions. This also does not imply the spirit is in the form of a BIRD!
In Acts the holy spirit manifested as tongues of fire:
“And divided tongues as of fire appeared to them and rested on each one of them.
And they were all filled with the Holy Spirit and began to speak in other tongues as the Spirit gave them utterance.” Act 2:3,4
The spirit manifested the mighty power of God, here the spirit manifested as a dove and later the spirit would manifest as a tongue of fire or seven lamps as mentioned in Revelation.
Question: What does baptize you with the spirit mean?
Suggested Answer: John was baptizing with water. Jesus would ‘baptize’ has the same meaning as ‘pour the spirit’ as mentioned in Joel. Water flows and the spirit flows as Jesus described:
(John 7:37-39 ASV) “Now on the last day, the great day of the feast, Jesus stood and cried, saying, If any man thirst, let him come unto me and drink. He that believeth on me, as the scripture hath said, from within him shall flow rivers of living water. But this spake he of the Spirit, which they that believed on him were to receive: for the Spirit was not yet given; because Jesus was not yet glorified.”
The prophecy of Joel would find a fulfillment through Jesus.
Question: What is relationship between the Father, son and the spirit?
Suggested Answer: During the baptism the relationship between the three (Father, son and spirit) is evident: The Father blesses the son and empowers him with his spirit. By the power of the spirit and without a human Father Jesus is conceived, so Jesus’ birth is different from us (except Adam). So, literally Jesus’ Father is Yahweh and his birth has a divine origin.
Though born to Mary who was poor at the time, his descent was both royal (King David’s descendent) and divine (God his father). He would therefore inherit the throne of david and of God. His mere birth would not auto get him such status but we find in the gospel records that he was glorified because he submitted to God’s will and was obedient to his laws.
So God is the God & Father of Jesus. The Spirit of God is given to Jesus without which he would not be able to perform any miracles.
Question: What happened to Jesus when he receives the power of the spirit?
Suggested Answer: Same that happened to Saul and others. He is now able to do beyond the ordinary. He begins his ministry and subsequently performs miracles. Jesus was subject to his parents and society and lived an ordinary life until the time of his baptism and John bore witness of him. Spirit made a physical manifestation as a dove to help people believe. God spoke announcing his as his son:
“This is my beloved Son, in whom I am well pleased”
Pleased with what? A divine birth?
God was fully satisfied with the ‘life’ of Jesus, thus far, unlike Adam who failed him. He was now ready to be baptized by water and spirit and then finally lay his life down.
The difference between Elijah and subsequently Elisha who possessed twice the amount of spirit power when compared with Christ was that, Jesus would have power without measure. The gospel records testify of great miracles he performed and the absolute faith he had in his Father.
“For he whom God has sent utters the words of God, for he gives the Spirit without measure. The Father loves the Son and has given all things into his hand.” (John 3:34-35 ESV)
Elijah ==>> X amount of Spirit Power
Elisha ==>> 2X amount of Spirit Power
Jesus ==>> Infinite Spirit power
God controls what share of his spirit one may possess.
Mat 4:1 Then Jesus was led up by the Spirit into the wilderness to be tempted by the devil.
Heb 4:15 For we do not have a high priest who is unable to sympathize with our weaknesses, but one who in every respect has been tempted as we are, yet without sin.
Question: Why did the spirit lead Jesus? Was there a conflict between the 2nd and 3rd persons of the trinity?
Suggested Answer: To a wilderness to be tempted. Jesus was tempted “in every respect as we are” because he was 100% human. He overcame sin to show his ‘fellow’ humans that it is humanly achievable by absolute faith. So he would also teach his disciples about faith. If God who cannot be tempted by sin, does not sin it is no big deal. God or his spirit cannot be tempted to sin. Jesus could on account of being human.
Don’t blame God when you are tempted! God cannot be tempted by evil, and he doesn’t use evil to tempt others. (James 1:13 CEV)
Question: Why would the spirit do such a thing? i.e. lead him to temptation.
Suggested Answer: Applying Trinity logic this is crazy! One God leads another God to be tempted. Like Adam was tested by the serpent God created, Jesus would also have to undergo the same tests. Jesus, leading upto 30, he has been perfect. Before he would start his ministry he would be FULLY tested and needs to emerge successful. Adam failed being influenced by his wife and the serpent, but Jesus would succeed thereby be worthy to bring salvation to human kind.
Jesus would continue to be tested through his ministry and finally the greatest temptation strikes before his crucifixion to escape the agony and shame of the cross:
“saying, Father, if thou be willing, remove this cup from me: nevertheless not my will, but thine, be done.” Luk 22:42
Jesus had victory over sin though tempted in ALL points like us and hence the early believers were encouraged to walk in the spirit as opposed to the flesh.
The excuse that we make for our sin when comparing our lives to Jesus is that we attribute an unfair advantage Jesus had – that he was ‘God’ so could overcome sin.
Is God unfair? Does he not judge without partiality? To state Jesus was without sin would be an meaningless statement if he was a God trapped in a human body.
Unfortunately there is over emphasis in Christianity on the death of a God on behalf of humans thereby undermining the work of Jesus in submitting to his Father’s will. Jesus is the WAY by his example and actions. He showed his disciples by his own life how to lead a blameless life, how to trust in God and most importantly how to show compassion and love. He also showed how to deal with enemies who finally took his life. His death on the cross was an even greater witness to his obedience that would redeem us from sin – Jesus died trusting that his God would raise him from the dead.
The whole point of the New covenant was that Jesus was human just like Adam. By Jesus’ way of life the New covenant is established [i.e. not through blameless animals and their blood which acted as proxies till Christ would come]. Jesus’ love and teachings now supersedes Moses’ law as Moses predicted. Jesus is a greater prophet than Moses. Moses failed to enter the promised land but Jesus entered heaven itself, an event that has never happened before.
Act 2:34 “For David did not ascend into the heavens, but he himself says, “‘The Lord said to my Lord, Sit at my right hand,”
Mat 10:19 When they deliver you over, do not be anxious how you are to speak or what you are to say, for what you are to say will be given to you in that hour.
Mat 10:20 For it is not you who speak, but the Spirit of your Father speaking through you.
We have seen, the work of the spirit is to give man God’s message and to perform the extraordinary. So God speaks through his spirit through believers to their persecutors. Jesus is not teaching anything new. Just like the spirit guided Jeremiah or Ezekiel the spirit of the Father would now guide the believers.
The spirit does not become God himself because in all of the Old testament a similar language is used to describe the spirit and people were not confused to pray to the spirit and the spirit is not called Jehovah. The Old and New testament scriptures do not say that the spirit of God is to worshipped and prayed to like we should to God!
Jesus taught ‘Spirit OF your Father’ that is belonging to God. This is the phrase used throughout the old testament writings.
The New testament language refers to the spirit as ‘HE’ and ascribes a masculine gender. Jesus gives more personality to the spirit and calls the spirit ‘Comforter’. The ‘role’ of the spirit will then be to comfort them in time of their persecutions and also for the Apostles specifically the spirit will help them record the gospel message for us. Jesus’ had a way of explaining things that always astonished his listeners.
To have the spirit of God is the same as to feel the presence and assurance of God because God works through his spirit.
Mat 12:18 “Behold, my servant whom I have chosen, my beloved with whom my soul is well pleased. I will put my Spirit upon him, and he will proclaim justice to the Gentiles.
Mat 12:28 But if it is by the Spirit of God that I cast out demons, then the kingdom of God has come upon you.
- We already noted that the spirit led Jesus into the wilderness to be tempted
- Jesus performed miracles by the power of the spirit of God
- God will put HIS spirit on Jesus so Jesus could preach.
- Jesus is beloved of the Father
- The Father gives Jesus the power of the spirit without measure
- Jesus glorifies God. God glorifies Jesus
- No trinity is preached.
Every time christians see three or the Father and son and spirit mentioned together they weave a story to support their false theory of Trinity and completely miss the truth about the Father and the son. The whole purpose of the emphasis of Jesus as a son and human is lost because of the Church’s long established false teachings.
Jesus bore witness that God spoke through him by his spirit:
Joh 3:34 For he whom God has sent utters the words of God, for he gives the Spirit without measure.
God is not the Holy spirit.
Jesus is not the holy spirit.
Mat 12:31 Therefore I tell you, every sin and blasphemy will be forgiven people, but the blasphemy against the Spirit will not be forgiven.
Mat 12:32 And whoever speaks a word against the Son of Man will be forgiven, but whoever speaks against the Holy Spirit will not be forgiven, either in this age or in the age to come.
- Speak against the second person of trinity and you are forgiven!
- Speak against the third person of trinity and you NOT are forgiven!
- Clearly they do not make the ONE GoD!
Jesus performed miracles by the spirit of God and people did not want to accept it. Religious people are the ones who hate the truth most. Example: The religious leaders then and the established churches have the strongest dogma to do wrong. The Roman Catholic church that forms the majority, take trinity to even a greater level “Mother of GoD”. Do be part of the majority who weave their own stories about the God and call God names that he never revealed himself as!
It then follows, the Mother of the Mother of God must be even greater than God!
Mat 22:43 He said to them, “How is it then that David, in the Spirit, calls him Lord, saying,
Mat 22:44 “‘The Lord said to my Lord, Sit at my right hand, until I put your enemies under your feet’?
Mat 22:45 If then David calls him Lord, how is he his son?”
David spoke by the spirit, implies God spoke through David. David cannot prophecy of his own. God’s spirit needs to help him.
Reading the passage in Old testament clarifies:
Psa 110:1 A Psalm of David. Jehovah saith unto my Lord, Sit thou at my right hand, Until I make thine enemies thy footstool.
Psa 110:2 Jehovah will send forth the rod of thy strength out of Zion: Rule thou in the midst of thine enemies.
The future glory of Jesus was prophesied by David. The hierarchy is clear. God supplies his spirit to any man including Jesus to achieve his purpose. God exalts Jesus even above David. David was taught this mystery that Jesus though his descendent would be greater than himself. Jesus is powerless and weak without the spirit and without God’s blessings.
Mat 28:18 And Jesus came to them and spake unto them, saying, All authority hath been given unto me in heaven and on earth.
Mat 28:19 Go ye therefore, and make disciples of all the nations, baptizing them into the name of the Father and of the Son and of the Holy Spirit:
Mat 28:20 teaching them to observe all things whatsoever I commanded you: and lo, I am with you always, even unto the end of the world.
After reading all of the Old testament and the gospel of Mathew we come to this verse that often gets quoted as proof for a trinity.
Though the Father and son occur together or the three occur together no Trinity God is formed. We have seen many passages where the spirit and God appear in the Old testament but no Biune relationship was formed.
Just because the three things appear in one verse we should not form new Gods:
1Jn 5:8 For there are three who bear witness, the Spirit, and the water, and the blood: and the three agree in one.
Now if spirit is one with God, and the spirit is one with water, then it should follow that the Water is God. Classic case: ‘Three’ angels visit Abraham, angels become Father, son and spirit and so many well read christians believe FALSELY that the Trinity visited Abraham. Do not be lost in mysteries and come up with wrong interpretations in a desperate search to find a triune or Biune God in the Old testament scriptures.
If you have laid a foundation from the Old testament scriptures that the Father and spirit are not GODs, then it will be obvious to you that Jesus is not advocating Gods of Trinity here.
To understand what Jesus meant let us look at how the apostles understood and conducted baptisms and understand from their examples from the scriptures that follow:
Gal 3:27 For as many of you as were baptized into Christ did put on Christ.
Rom 6:3 Or are ye ignorant that all we who were baptized into Christ Jesus were baptized into his death?
Act 19:5 And when they heard this, they were baptized into the name of the Lord Jesus.
Act 19:6 And when Paul had laid his hands upon them, the Holy Spirit came on them; and they spake with tongues, and prophesied.
Act 10:48 And he commanded them to be baptized in the name of Jesus Christ. Then prayed they him to tarry certain days.
Act 8:16 for as yet it was fallen upon none of them: only they had been baptized into the name of the Lord Jesus.
Act 8:17 Then laid they their hands on them, and they received the Holy Spirit.
Act 2:38 And Peter said unto them, Repent ye, and be baptized every one of you in the name of Jesus Christ unto the remission of your sins; and ye shall receive the gift of the Holy Spirit.
So, believers were baptized into Jesus Christ primarily. Then received the gift of the holy spirit.
Through baptism we enter into a covenant relationship with God through his son – Baptism was INTO Christ i.e. through Jesus we have access to the Father. This baptism is done by WATER.
Once the believer was baptized by water he could also receive the gift of the holy spirit or the powers of the holy spirit and this type of baptism was done by LAYING OF HANDS. [Though there were exceptions: Cornelius received the spirit directly first and was then was baptized by water. Tongues of fire in Acts again was a direct baptism from heaven]. In the Old testament the spirit of God came directly from God but under the new covenant the practice of laying of hands became prominent.
Baptism is the symbol of salvation. Just like we are baptized into Jesus the Israelites were baptized into Moses. So does that mean Moses and God formed a Binity? No:
1Co 10:1 For I would not, brethren, have you ignorant, that our fathers were all under the cloud, and all passed through the sea;
1Co 10:2 and were all baptized unto Moses in the cloud and in the sea;
1Co 10:3 and did all eat the same spiritual food;
Trinity style reasoning
Baptized into Moses
Baptized into Christ
Moses = Christ
There is no doubt a relationship between the Father, son and the spirit exists but this is NOT a Trinity of Gods.
Trinity simplified – No mystery
The Father is the source.
When believe in HIS son and are baptized by WATER we come into a relationship with the Father by the BLOOD of his son. The Father is greater than the son and gave BIRTH to his son BY HIS spirit. The son was begotten or created of the Father. The spirit helps us to worship God.
Jesus taught us to pray to the Father.
The spirit teaches us throughout the writings of the prophets and apostles to pray to God. Jesus taught us to prays thus: “Our Father, which art in heaven…”
God works through his spirit. The spirit of God will work in the life of believers. Jesus has now been given control of the spirit of God being glorified above all heavenly beings. He then becomes the baptizer by the spirit while John was the baptizer by water.
Passages like the above when taken without any background or foundation will lead to misunderstanding. If you have a good foundation in the Old testament scriptures, then it will be obvious to you that Jesus is not teaching a trinity.
Example: We can easily join Melchizedek to the Trinity.
Heb 7:1 For this Melchisedec, king of Salem, priest of the most high God, who met Abraham returning from the slaughter of the kings, and blessed him;
Heb 7:2 To whom also Abraham gave a tenth part of all; first being by interpretation King of righteousness, and after that also King of Salem, which is, King of peace;
Heb 7:3 Without father, without mother, without descent, having neither beginning of days, nor end of life; but made like unto the Son of God; abideth a priest continually.
Now one may assert that Melchizedek is Jesus and God, because Melchizedek is said to be
“but made like unto the Son of God” and Jesus is made “an high priest for ever after the order of Melchisedec”.
Jesus = Melchizedek
Melchizedek = Jesus
Jesus is our high priest and Melchizedek was the priest of the most high God
Jesus is King and Melchizedek is king
Jesus = God
then it follows,
Melchizedek = God,
Further we can strengthen our position to support Melchizedek is indeed the Almighty, by quoting this verse:
“having neither beginning of days, nor end of life”
God is described as “Holy, holy, holy is the Lord God Almighty, who was, and is, and is to come.” (Revelation 4:8)
Melchizedek = God,
Jesus = God,
God = Melchizedek,
Melchizedek = Spirit
Our search is to understand from the scriptures if God and the spirit form a BIUNE God or if we should view them as such as churches teach.
We have seen through out the Old testament and the Gospel of Mathew that the spirit is not called God nor are we taught to pray to the Holy spirit.
We have seen:
* God works though his spirit
* God controls his spirit
* The power of God is manifested by the spirit of God
* The spirit comes upon people
* The spirit manifested as a Dove or as Tongue of fire but never in the form of a MALE SPIRIT
* God is pleased to work in the life of believes through his spirit.
* The Hebrew and Greek meaning for the Spirit is ‘wind’, ‘air’, ‘mind’ etc. and is used to describe a vast array of things. Example: ‘spirit of man’.