Let us REASON together:
All quotes from American Standard Version which uses Jehovah instead of LORD so the message is clearer:
Verse 1. Regarding Saul:
1Sa 10:6 and the Spirit of Jehovah will come mightily upon thee, and thou shalt prophesy with them, and shalt be turned into another man.
a. What did the spirit of Jehovah do to Saul?
Suggested Answer: It turned him into another man so he could prophecy. Without the spirit he had no ‘ability’ to prophecy.
b. What does the phrase Spirit of Jehovah signify?
Suggested Answer: The spirit belongs to Jehovah and by his spirit he accomplishes his will. God can control the universe by his spirit.
c. What is “Jehovah of spirit”?
Suggested Answer: Only Bi-na-tarians can understand this concept.
d. Are Jehovah and the spirit independent beings?
Suggested Answer: The spirit’s operation can be thought of acting on behalf of God.
We can see that the spirit mediates on behalf of God. Example if God wants to influence someone, His spirit does that on his behalf. So spiritually speaking the spirit’s role is that of a “mediator”.
The spirit played a very important role in spiritual development of Israel. The spirit guided prophets to teach Israel the truth, etc.
A human analogy:
Spirit of man generally refers to the mind of man. So if we say David’s spirit, is David’s spirit a different person from David.
Does David and his Spirit have to get two passports?
The SPIRIT of GOD is BEYOND Comprehension! The Spirit of God ‘seems’ to reflect/enact God’s infinite mind.
It is IMPOSSIBLE to understand the SCIENCE behind GOD’s mind and his actions!
Another human analogy: Me, my hand and my head.
If I have to lift a cup I use my hands. My mind tells my hand to do it and my hand obeys.
Now there are three persons involved:
Me, My Mind and My Hand that accomplished the task.
Of course it is different with Jehovah!
Unlike humans God uses his spirit to accomplish his tasks. he may also use angels but they would also be energized by his spirit?
Cross reference (Jumping to Revelation):
Rev 1:4 John to the seven churches which are in Asia: Grace be unto you, and peace, from him which is, and which was, and which is to come; and from the seven Spirits which are before his throne;
Rev 3:1 And unto the angel of the church in Sardis write; These things saith he that hath the seven Spirits of God, and the seven stars; I know thy works, that thou hast a name that thou livest, and art dead.
Rev 4:5 And out of the throne proceeded lightnings and thunderings and voices: and there were seven lamps of fire burning before the throne, which are the seven Spirits of God.
Rev 5:6 And I beheld, and, lo, in the midst of the throne and of the four beasts, and in the midst of the elders, stood a Lamb as it had been slain, having seven horns and seven eyes, which are the seven Spirits of God sent forth into all the earth.
Now to interpret revelation is no easy task.
But, it seems the symbol of the the spirit:
A. Seven – Complete
B. Seven lamps of fire [Providing light to the THRONE]
C. Before the THRONE [Subject to God]
D. Seven Horns [Complete POWER – All powerful]
E. Seven Eyes [COMPLETE Sight – All seeing]
F. Now in possession of Jesus [Symbolic horns and eyes of Jesus i.e. Jesus achieving omnipresence (Eyes), omnipotent(Horns)]
G. Send forth into all earth [To achieve Omnipresence]
So in above SYMBOLS the spirit of God is separated from God.
The representation of the spirit as Dove, Tongue of Fire and Lamps of Fire are abstract and do not reflect a person. The ‘work’ of the spirit reflects a personality. The spirit also does not fit the description of ‘creatures’ such as cherubs or angels. The spirit is unique and in our struggle to define God’s spirit we either confuse with a BIUNE GOD or over simplify as a “power”.
e. Should we respect God’s spirit
Suggested Answer: Yes! We should have full fear and respect of God and his spirit and his angels and anything God says or does..
Verse 2. Spirit of God upon David
1Sa 16:13 Then Samuel took the horn of oil, and anointed him in the midst of his brethren: and the Spirit of Jehovah came mightily upon David from that day forward. So Samuel rose up, and went to Ramah.
1Sa 16:14 Now the Spirit of Jehovah departed from Saul, and an evil spirit from Jehovah troubled him.
a. What did the spirit of Jehovah do to David?
Suggested Answer: It assured David that God was indeed with him. It gave him great enthusiasm – “Mightily”
b. What is the evil spirit of Jehovah?
Suggested Answer: The verse shows God can do both good and evil to men which ever way he chooses. The evil spirit caused Saul to have mental episodes. The Evil spirit of Jehovah – Is this the 4th mysterious person of the Trinity? Another way to look at the incident is that an evil influence/disease struck Saul!
3. What does it mean when it says “Spirit of Jehovah came mightily upon David“?
Suggested Answer: God was with David by his spirit
Verse 3. David’s last testimony
2Sa 23:1 Now these are the last words of David. David the son of Jesse saith, And the man who was raised on high saith, The anointed of the God of Jacob, And the sweet psalmist of Israel:
2Sa 23:2 The Spirit of Jehovah spake by me, And his word was upon my tongue.
a. Why did David say “Spirit of Jehovah spake by me”?
Suggested Answer: David is testifying that his words are true and can be trusted because God inspired him through his spirit. God used his spirit to gave David knowledge. i.e. God operates by his spirit. God’s spirit energizes people to do extraordinary things!
The bible is God’s inspired word because God used his spirit to give knowledge to holy men who recorded his words for our instruction.
Though spirit in meaning (air, wind) is abstract, the work of the spirit is super human and Godly. The spirit gave David the ability for Divine speech.
Cross Referencing the New Testament
2Pe 1:20 knowing this first, that no prophecy of scripture is of private interpretation.
2Pe 1:21 For no prophecy ever came by the will of man: but men spake from God, being moved by the Holy Spirit.
On numerous occasions God spoke to the prophets:
Isa 38:4 Then came the word of Jehovah to Isaiah, saying,
Isa 39:5 Then said Isaiah to Hezekiah, Hear the word of Jehovah of hosts:
Jer 1:4 Now the word of Jehovah came unto me, saying,
Jer 1:11 Moreover the word of Jehovah came unto me, saying, Jeremiah, what seest thou? And I said, I see a rod of an almond-tree.
God spoke to Israel by the following:
1Sa 28:6 And when Saul inquired of the LORD, the LORD did not answer him, either by dreams, or by Urim, or by prophets.
Peter confirms that that the God spoke to the prophets by his spirit. So it seems the spirit of God enters a man and gives him the words of God.
The power or might or strong point of the work of the spirit is summarized thus:
Eph 6:17 and take the helmet of salvation, and the sword of the Spirit, which is the word of God,
The Bible bears witness to that sword. And this sword pieces the spirit of man:
Heb 4:12 For the word of God is living and active, sharper than any two-edged sword, piercing to the division of soul and of spirit, of joints and of marrow, and discerning the thoughts and intentions of the heart.
b. Does the spirit have a mouth and speaks of his own will?
Suggested Answer: In all the instances when prophets received the message they attributed it to Jehovah though it came from the God’s spirit within them. The spirit is an agent of God that does his will. The spirit by definition is wind and therefore requires no jaw or mouth or tongue to utter words. The spirit is too powerful and beyond comprehension. The Spirit is also the presence of God.
Cross Referencing the New Testament
When the Spirit of truth comes, he will guide you into all the truth, for he will not speak on his own authority, but whatever he hears he will speak, and he will declare to you the things that are to come. (John 16:13 ESV)
Jesus also bore witness that the spirit will not speak of his own will but the will of the Father. The spirit is OF God is SUBJECT to the will of GoD. The spirit does NOT seek to be worshipped, the purpose of the role of the spirit is to draw men and women to God. It is human tendency to worship the messenger rather than God.
An example: God used a symbol to teach Israel but Israel worshipped it.
2Ki 18:4 He removed the high places and broke the pillars and cut down the Asherah. And he broke in pieces thebronze serpent that Moses had made, for until those days the people of Israel had made offerings to it (it was called Nehushtan).