John 5:26 For as the Father hath life in himself; so hath he given to the Son to have life in himself;
Excerpts from Newton’s Beliefs
(Refer to http://www.newtonproject.sussex.ac.uk/)
The father is the ancient of days & hath life in himself originally essentially & independently from all eternity, & hath given the son to have life in himself. For Newton, there could be no doubt that the “one God the God of the Patriarchs” was none other than the father who hath life in himself & hath given the Son to have life in himself, the author of life to all intelligent beings, the Almighty, the supreme governour of the Universe, the maker of heaven & earth, all things therein visible & invisible.
There is no co-equality here; the General Scholium’s “Being [who] governs all things” is the erson of the Father alone.
Newton’s manuscripts demonstrate that he believed the Father and Son were united in power and dominion, but not in nature or essence. As a king and his regnant son are considered one king, so God and His Son can be called one God because of their monarchical unity, but not “upon account of their being consubstantial.”
Newton states that “God is a relative word & signifies much the same thing with Lord, but in a higher sense. For, God & his servants are related to one another much after the same manner . . . as a Lord & his servants.”
Newton then explains that it is “[i]n this sense [that] Angels who have dominion over man are called Gods in scripture.” Here Newton is thinking of such examples as the Name-bearing angel of the theophany at the burning bush in Exodus 3, but it is evident that this same reasoning can be used to explain the occasional use in the Scriptures of the term God for Christ.
Newton states that “[w]e may give the name of Gods to other Beings as is frequently done in scripture,” and goes on to write out the texts and references of biblical examples where both men and angels took on the names of God, including not only Exodus 3:2,6, but also Exodus 4:16, Exodus 7:1, Psalm 82:6 and John 10:34-5. Men and angels can certainly be referred to as “Gods,” but direct worship is expressly forbidden of all but the Father, Who alone is truly God
The reason why the Son in the New Testament is sometimes stiled God, is not so much upon Account of his metaphysical Substance, how Divine so ever; as of his relative Attributes and divine Authority over us.
The father hath knowledge & prescience in himself & communicates knowledge & prescience to the son. We see Jesus even after ascending to heaven depends on the Father for knowledge. It is God who gives Jesus the prophecy which he shares with John via an angel.
The Revelation of Jesus Christ, which God gave unto him, (Revelation 1:1 KJV)
Jesus was found worthy to open the book but was not the author of the book – His Father was. Jesus was worthy to open the book because of his righteous deeds (not divinity):
Rev 5:3,5,7,9 And no man in heaven, nor in earth, neither under the earth, was able to open the book, neither to look thereon. And one of the elders saith unto me, Weep not: behold, the Lion of the tribe of Juda, the Root of David, hath prevailed to open the book, and to loose the seven seals thereof. And he came and took the book out of the right hand of him that sat upon the throne. And they sung a new song, saying, Thou art worthy to take the book, and to open the seals thereof: for thou wast slain, and hast redeemed us to God by thy blood out of every kindred, and tongue, and people, and nation;
Father has supreme knowledge and even the Son derives knowledge from his Father:
Mar 13:32 But of that day and that hour knoweth no man, no, not the angels which are in heaven, neither the Son, but the Father.
Even Jesus’ own witness is that he can return back from the grave only because of the Father – ‘This commandment have I received of my Father’. Jesus is careful to always give God the glory and acknowledge him before all as his god and his father and his source.
No man taketh it from me, but I lay it down of myself. I have power to lay it down, and I have power to take it again. This commandment have I received of my Father. (John 10:18 KJV)
The above was fulfilled by the Father raising him from the dead – It is God who gives eternal life to his MORTAL son:
Whom God hath raised up, having loosed the pains of death: because it was not possible that he should be holden of it. (Acts 2:24 KJV)
This Jesus hath God raised up, whereof we all are witnesses. (Acts 2:32 KJV)
And killed the Prince of life, whom God hath raised from the dead; whereof we are witnesses. (Acts 3:15 KJV)
Unto you first God, having raised up his Son Jesus, sent him to bless you, in turning away every one of you from his iniquities. (Acts 3:26 KJV)
Be it known unto you all, and to all the people of Israel, that by the name of Jesus Christ of Nazareth, whom ye crucified, whom God raised from the dead, even by him doth this man stand here before you whole. (Acts 4:10 KJV)
The God of our fathers raised up Jesus, whom ye slew and hanged on a tree. (Acts 5:30 KJV)
Him God raised up the third day, and shewed him openly; (Acts 10:40 KJV)
But God raised him from the dead: (Acts 13:30 KJV)
God hath fulfilled the same unto us their children, in that he hath raised up Jesus again; as it is also written in the second psalm, Thou art my Son, this day have I begotten thee. (Acts 13:33 KJV)
But he, whom God raised again, saw no corruption. (Acts 13:37 KJV)
That if thou shalt confess with thy mouth the Lord Jesus, and shalt believe in thine heart that God hath raised him from the dead, thou shalt be saved. (Romans 10:9 KJV)
And God hath both raised up the Lord, and will also raise up us by his own power. (1 Corinthians 6:14 KJV)
Yea, and we are found false witnesses of God; because we have testified of God that he raised up Christ: whom he raised not up, if so be that the dead rise not. (1 Corinthians 15:15 KJV)
Paul, an apostle, (not of men, neither by man, but by Jesus Christ, and God the Father, who raised him from the dead;) (Galatians 1:1 KJV)
Buried with him in baptism, wherein also ye are risen with him through the faith of the operation of God, who hath raised him from the dead. (Colossians 2:12 KJV)
Who by him do believe in God, that raised him up from the dead, and gave him glory; that your faith and hope might be in God. (1 Peter 1:21 KJV)
To conclude, Jesus was mortal and was given immortality (Life eternal) by his Father. Likewise those who follow the example of Jesus will also receive eternal life become immortal like the son though inferior in rank as the son is lower in rank to his Father. Jesus was born a baby and mortal and did not have life in himself i.e. he was mortal and son of Adam and the fate of Adam was upon his head. He was murdered. But God raised him and gave him eternal life and made him the source of eternal life.