100 Reasons why the Bible does not use the word Trinity: Reason 30 of 100 [The Birth of the Saviour – Significance of Jesus’ birth and records of Mathew, Luke and John 1 considered]

Gospel of Mathew:

Here the emphasis is on how Jesus is of Abrahamic and Davidic descent.

The book of the generation of Jesus Christ, the son of David, the son of Abraham. (Matthew 1:1 KJV)

The reason for this connection is that both Abraham and David received the promise of their ‘son’ who would be Great one:

And the angel of the LORD called unto Abraham out of heaven the second time, And said, By myself have I sworn, saith the LORD, for because thou hast done this thing, and hast not withheld thy son, thine only son: That in blessing I will bless thee, and in multiplying I will multiply thy seed as the stars of the heaven, and as the sand which is upon the sea shore; and thy seed shall possess the gate of his enemies; And in thy seed shall all the nations of the earth be blessed; because thou hast obeyed my voice. (Genesis 22:15-18 KJV)

That in blessing I will bless thee, and in multiplying I will multiply thy seed as the stars of the heaven, and as the sand which is upon the sea shore; and thy seed shall possess the gate of his enemies; (Genesis 22:17 KJV)

I have made a covenant with my chosen, I have sworn unto David my servant, Thy seed will I establish for ever, and build up thy throne to all generations. Selah. (Psalms 89:3-4 KJV)

He shall cry unto me, Thou art my father, my God, and the rock of my salvation. Also I will make him my firstborn, higher than the kings of the earth. (Psalms 89:26-27 KJV)

Once have I sworn by my holiness that I will not lie unto David. His seed shall endure for ever, and his throne as the sun before me. (Psalms 89:35-36 KJV)

The above prophecies were a mystery till the time Jesus was actually born to Mary and Joseph.

Then his father Zechariah was filled with the Holy Spirit and prophesied: “Blessed be the Lord God of Israel! He has taken care of his people and has set them free. He has raised up a mighty Savior for us from the family of his servant David, just as he promised long ago through the mouth of his holy prophets that he would save us from our enemies and from the grip of all who hate us. He has shown mercy to our ancestors and remembered his holy covenant, the oath that he swore to our ancestor Abraham. He granted us deliverance from our enemies’ grip so that we could serve him without fear and be holy and righteous before him all of our days. (Luke 1:67-75 ISV)

Jesus’ origin was not ordinary like others:

Now the birth of Jesus Christ happened in this way. When his mother Mary was engaged to Joseph, before they lived together she was discovered to be pregnant by the Holy Spirit. (Matthew 1:18 ISV)

God would conceive a son (create a son by the power of his spirit) through Mary. God who is divine has a human son through Mary. This makes Jesus very special and important:

  • He has a Divine Origin (Born of God, but subordinate to God as a son)
  • He has a human origin – I.e. that which is born of flesh and blood is human

The gospel of Mathew emphasises Jesus’ birth from the perspective of his connection with Abraham and David. Also not omitting that his genealogy can also be traced to God.

Did this make him ½ God + ½ Man?

No! The gospel records present him as fully human as anyone being born to a human mother. Since his birth was divinely guided he becomes the SON of God.

Now this is not a very new concept as Adam was also the literal son of God.

In Summary, Jesus was destined to be born as the saviour of the world and to be a fulfillment of the promises / prophesies made to Abraham and Isaac. Joseph was told about Jesus thus:

She will bear a son, and you shall call his name Jesus, for he will save his people from their sins.” (Matthew 1:21 ESV)

Gospel of Luke (The Prophecies of Elizibeth, Mary, Zechariah, angels, Simeon and Ana considered)

Elizibeth

When Elizabeth heard Mary’s greeting, the baby jumped in her womb. Elizabeth was filled with the Holy Spirit and exclaimed with a loud cry, “How blessed are you among women, and how blessed is the fruit of your womb! Why should this happen to me, to have the mother of my Lord visit me! (Luke 1:41-43 ISV)

Mary

Then Mary said, “My soul praises the greatness of the Lord! My spirit exults in God, my Savior, for he has looked favorably on his humble servant. From now on, all generations will call me blessed, because the Almighty has done great things for me. His name is holy. His mercy lasts from generation to generation for those who fear him. He displayed his mighty power with his arm. He scattered people who were proud in mind and heart. He pulled powerful rulers from their thrones and lifted up humble people. He filled hungry people with good things and sent rich people away with nothing. He helped his servant Israel, remembering to be merciful, according to the promise he made to our ancestors- to Abraham and his descendants forever.” (Luke 1:46-55 ISV)

Zechariah

Then his father Zechariah was filled with the Holy Spirit and prophesied: “Blessed be the Lord God of Israel! He has taken care of his people and has set them free. He has raised up a mighty Savior for us from the family of his servant David, just as he promised long ago through the mouth of his holy prophets that he would save us from our enemies and from the grip of all who hate us. He has shown mercy to our ancestors and remembered his holy covenant, the oath that he swore to our ancestor Abraham. He granted us deliverance from our enemies’ grip so that we could serve him without fear and be holy and righteous before him all of our days. (Luke 1:67-75 ISV)

Angel

Then the angel said to them, “Stop being afraid! Listen! I am bringing you good news of great joy for all the people. Today your Savior, Christ the Lord, was born in the city of David. (Luke 2:10-11 ISV)

Simeon

Moved by the Spirit, he went into the temple. When the parents brought the child Jesus to do for him what was customary under the law, Simeon took the child in his arms and praised God, saying, “Master, now you are allowing your servant to leave in peace according to your word. For my eyes have seen your salvation, which you prepared for all people to see- a light that will reveal salvation to the gentiles and bring glory to your people Israel.” (Luke 2:27-32 ISV)

Ana

Just then she came forward and began to thank God and to speak about the child to all who were waiting for the redemption of Jerusalem.(Luke 2:38 ISV)

So, Jesus was clearly destined to be the special and long awaited Savour. He was to be the fulfilment of the promises to Abraham and David. The saviour was long prophesied and waited by people. His exact form was a mystery till he was finally revealed through Mary.

Gospel of John

The Gospel of John unlike the record of Luke and Mathew looks at his origin from a divine perspective.

While Mathew and Luke look at Jesus as the promised SEED of Abraham and David, John looks at it from the Divine perspective i.e. SEED of God!

In the beginning was the Word, and the Word was with God, and the Word was God. The same was in the beginning with God. (John 1:1-2 KJV)

I.e. Jesus was part of God existing as the WORD.

Why is Jesus called ‘WORD’?

Because that is the form he existed with God before his mystery was revealed to mankind. He was not an angel or spirit being (as we have seen in earlier posts that Jesus is not known in Old testament scriptures by people in their present tense. He was always a future prophecy!).

Jesus exists as the WORD meaning God’s divine thought or purpose or reason.

In simple terms to understand why Jesus is called the ‘Word of God’ Peter bore witness:

Simon Peter answered him, “Lord, to whom shall we go? You have the words of eternal life, (John 6:68 ESV)

Through him all things were made, and apart from him nothing was made that has been made. (John 1:3 ISV)

All things exist for Jesus. Jesus is God’s purpose of the entire universe! God created the entire universe and all things through the WORD, i.e. the thought of Jesus. So Jesus figuratively predates all of creation but comes into physical existence at his human birth. Jesus is significant to us because he saves Israel and the world through his life and death. While Jesus is significant before birth, it is important to note that only after his birth, life, death and resurrection that he gets physically exalted! It is the acts of love and sacrifice as a human that bring about the salvation of the human race.

In him was life, and the life was the light of men. (John 1:4 ESV)

The WORD contained LIFE, i.e. EVERLASTING LIFE. Starting with Jesus’ existence as the WORD, John then explains that the WORD had Life and that life was LIGHT.

So in Summary, Jesus is the WORD, LIFE and LIGHT as conceived by GOD!

He was not the light, but came to bear witness about the light. The true light, which enlightens everyone, was coming into the world. (John 1:8-9 ESV)

The Light from this divine purpose of God was not an ordinary light. It was greater than John who was a very righteous and dedicated man. This light was coming into the world, i.e. it was being prepared to be planted into Mary’s womb so the light can have a beginning.

There was a man sent from God, whose name was John. He came as a witness, to bear witness about the light, that all might believe through him. (John 1:6-7 ESV)

The witness of John in various degrees are recorded in all four gospels. Now when the language is used ‘Sent by God’ does not imply that John was sent from heaven in a literal sense but that the word of God was revealed to him by God to bear witness to the LIGHT.

But to all who did receive him, who believed in his name, he gave the right to become children of God, who were born, not of blood nor of the will of the flesh nor of the will of man, but of God. (John 1:12-13 ESV)

Jesus, as he was not born by the will of Joseph and Mary, would also grant believers to be like him – a child of God. Now believers were also predestined in Christ by his foreknowledge as follows:

Blessed be the God and Father of our Lord Jesus Christ, who has blessed us in Christ with every spiritual blessing in the heavenly places, even as he chose us in him before the foundation of the world, that we should be holy and blameless before him. (Ephesians 1:3-4 ESV)

And the Word became flesh and dwelt among us, and we have seen his glory, glory as of the only Son from the Father, full of grace and truth.(John 1:14 ESV)

I.e. the word or imagination or purpose of God took on a human form!

(John bore witness about him, and cried out, “This was he of whom I said, ‘He who comes after me ranks before me, because he was before me.'”) (John 1:15 ESV)

Now the gospel of John has an emphasis of when Jesus was conceived by God, i.e. even before the creation of the world! So John bears witness that Jesus existed as THE WORD before the world began. This WORD was part of God and of God. John’s record is that Abraham, David, John all came into existence because of the DIVINE WORD or PURPOSE of GOD now manifested as the person Jesus.

The WORD is even more than just the purpose of God it is the very essence of God I.e.

Word/thought was with God.

Word/thought was God or the Word/thought reflected God himself.

Now God would bring forth this WORD/Thought/Purpose/Reasoning/Logos as a human.

When John bears record:

In the beginning was the Word, (John 1:1 ESV)

The beginning predates everyone including creation. This is the focus of the birth of Jesus in the record of John.

And from his fullness we have all received, grace upon grace. (John 1:16 ESV)

The focus of the WORD becoming flesh is then:

  • Eternal Life (We do not have eternal life by default. It is a gift that comes through faith and works)
  • Our light – The light that has life. A light that contrasts darkness or evil deeds.
  • Receiving Grace – i.e. forgiveness of sins
  • Becoming children of God – have a close and intimate relationship with the Eternal God.

No man hath seen God at any time; the only begotten Son, which is in the bosom of the Father, he hath declared him. (John 1:18 KJV)

No one has ever seen God; the only God, who is at the Father’s side, he has made him known. (John 1:18 ESV)

The purpose of SEEing God is to declare him to the world. The emphasis is that no one has ever seen God as God is invisible. So how did Jesus ‘see’ God? Is this literal sight or spiritual or intimate relationship?

Did Jesus describe the ‘physical-ness’ of God to us: i.e. how he looked? Or did Jesus look like God? Is the emphasis on the colour of Jesus’ hair and eyes? Is the picture of Jesus or idol of Jesus to be worshipped? What is the implication of being at the Father’s side and seeing God?

Here we told that Jesus IS at the Father’s side. While the WORD ‘was’ with God but after Jesus’ manifestation in the flesh Jesus IS at the Father’s side. This verse is taking about his unique intimate relationship Jesus had with God.

Based on Jesus’ words we may speculate that God as a Father guided Jesus to perfect knowledge and consciousness of himself and his purpose:

For the Father loves the Son and shows him all that he himself is doing. (John 5:20 ESV)

for all that I have heard from my Father I have made known to you. (John 15:15 ESV)

Just like the little boy Samuel heard the voice of God so it ‘may be possible’ Jesus would have also heard the voice of God that guided him.

For I have given them the words that you gave me, and they have received them and have come to know in truth that I came from you; and they have believed that you sent me. (John 17:8 ESV)

Do you not believe that I am in the Father and the Father is in me? The words that I say to you I do not speak on my own authority, but the Father who dwells in me does his works. (John 14:10 ESV)

I.e. God was active in Jesus’ life – guiding him.

John and Jesus – ‘God sent’
There was a man sent from God, whose name was John.

(John 1:6 ESV)

I.e.

I myself did not know him, but he who sent me to baptize with water said to me, ‘He on whom you see the Spirit descend and remain, this is he who baptizes with the Holy Spirit.’ (John 1:33 ESV)

 I.e. God through some means (most likely his spirit) made it known to John about Jesus. Similarly when see similar expressions from Jesus then we can conclude Jesus was God sent meaning he received the words that he spoke from God.

Jesus said to them, “My food is to do the will of him who sent me and to accomplish his work. (John 4:34 ESV)

that all may honor the Son, just as they honor the Father. Whoever does not honor the Son does not honor the Father who sent him. (John 5:23 ESV)

Etc.

What does John teach us?

Jesus was the Word which was PART of GOD (With) and that WORD represents God himself (Was GOD). So, God would manifest himself in a human through an act of his spirit power. This human would be his son.

God did not bring forth Jesus in Eden rather he brought forth Adam, but Jesus existed in the Old Testament scriptures as a prophecy. God was keen to share bits and pieces of this conceived master piece through various writings of various prophets. Studying this mystery in detail would give people a hope and expectation and a solution. Yet, the mystery was so great that it could only be realised with the actual birth of Jesus.

Let us look at an earthly Father-son analogy:

  • When Abraham had Isaac he felt a part of him was passed onto Isaac. Or literally Abraham’s seed (a part of Abraham) was passed onto Isaac.
  • When Abraham was about to offer Isaac he would feel a part of him was being sacrificed.
  • From Isaac’s perspective he would inherit all that belonged to his father including his name.
  • Isaac was the future of Abraham

In like manner God has a son, implying a part of God was manifest as Jesus and hence he is called the Son of God or holy one of God. Now if Jesus would undergo a medical test we would conclude that he was 100% human. What made him divine was his knowledge and consciousness that God was involved in his unique conception. GOD used a woman and therefore a descendent of Eve to bring about the son so Jesus was human. Another way of looking at the equation is if God had used a wolf to bear his son his son would have been a wolf, but that was totally not part of God’s plan. Likewise God had no intention that his son should be born like an angelic or heavenly being like a Cherub either.

(But we see him who for a little while was made lower than the angels, namely Jesus, crowned with glory and honor because of the suffering of death, so that by the grace of God he might taste death for everyone. (Hebrews 2:9 ESV)

Summary and origin of Jesus’ birth

  • Jesus as the only true physical son of God, inherits all that belongs to God including his divinity (in terms of spiritual connection with God, not that Jesus was immortal or invisible like God while on earth). (Adam, also uniquely conceived by God, did not attain such privileges as he did not see fit to obey God and was driven away from the tree of life).
  • Jesus was aware of his divine origin at sometime early in his life.
  • Jesus’ divinity had to do with the fact that though he was human he could be Godly and therefore becomes a perfect example for any human to follow.
  • Inheriting divinity still left him as a poor human being that could be beaten and crucified. This is because he was 100% human who had to go through the human passions (feeling loss, feeling hungry, feeling lonely, being tempted, etc) and overcome sin himself to attain the eventual glory of immortality and power.
  • So Jesus was Divine by authority (born of God and declared to be the Son of God and Anointed by God) on account of his birth but he was not GOD himself.
  • Jesus also was given the spirit without measure which enabled him to do any miracle to demonstrate his authenticity and authority was from God

Infant Jesus – A side track

The Catholics and also Prophet Mohammed’s followers believe in some of the miracles of Jesus when he was a little boy. These teachings came about because people, as early as the 2nd C, were confused about Jesus’ origin. There was a manuscript that began circulating in the 2nd century written by someone who called himself “Thomas the Israelite,” claiming that Jesus was able to do miracles as a child. The manuscript was later given the title, “Infancy Gospel of Thomas” http://www.sacred-texts.com/bib/lbob/lbob08.htm). Some of the miracles are childish like making sparrows from clay and some are very violent which contradicts all the acts of Jesus as an adult.

The question then is, when Jesus was 2 years old was he aware of his Divine God head and fully knowledgeable of the trinity? At the age of 2 – was Jesus just a human baby or a God locked up in the body of an infant?

Contrary to the notion of Jesus being fully God and fully man at the age of 2, we are told by Luke:

And the child grew, and waxed strong in spirit, filled with wisdom: and the grace of God was upon him. (Luke 2:40 KJV)

I.e. we are told he ‘grew up’ and was blessed by God. We have a similar description of other kids such as John and Samuel:

And the child grew, and waxed strong in spirit, and was in the deserts till the day of his shewing unto Israel. (Luke 1:80 KJV)

And Samuel grew, and the LORD was with him, and did let none of his words fall to the ground. (1 Samuel 3:19 KJV)

Jesus at the age of 12

The reason we are told about Jesus at the age of 12 is that it is clear that by this time Jesus was fully God conscious – i.e. that he was the son of God.

And it came to pass, that after three days they found him in the temple, sitting in the midst of the doctors, both hearing them, and asking them questions. And all that heard him were astonished at his understanding and answers. (Luke 2:46-47 KJV)

And he said unto them, How is it that ye sought me? wist ye not that I must be about my Father’s business? (Luke 2:49 KJV)

The above indicates that he seems to be ready but No! He still had to grow and be patient till he reached 30 before he could begin his ministry. We see that after the age of 12 he still continued to increase in wisdom i.e. at the age of 12 he was not yet as wise as he would be at the age of 30!

And Jesus increased in wisdom and stature, and in favour with God and man. (Luke 2:52 KJV)

One ‘God’ of the trinity cannot ‘grow’ in wisdom and further find favour with the Godhead (and in favour with God and man)

While it is a bit difficult to know the exact age of Jesus he fully comprehended who he was, the people were to know that Jesus was the Messiah because of John’s witness. Further at his baptism the Father himself declared him his son in the presence of all those present:

and behold, a voice from heaven said, “This is my beloved Son, with whom I am well pleased.” (Matthew 3:17 ESV)

God testified:

  • Jesus had led a pleasing life to HIM.
  • Jesus was the beloved SON

This witness was for Jesus and the people around him including John. Jesus knew this before his baptism but at what exact age we cannot tell.

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